President Lincoln Orders Executions

December 6, 1862

After an extensive review – which caused great anguish to Minnesota’s enraged white political leadership –  President approved the execution of 39 Indians involved in a bloody uprising the previous August.   President Lincoln decrees: “Ordered that of the Indians and Half-breeds sentenced to be hanged by the Military Commission, composed of Colonel Crooks, Lt. Colonel Marshall, Captain Grant, Captain Bailey, and Lieutenant Olin,  and lately sitting in Minnesota, you cause to be executed on Friday the nineteenth day of December, instant, the following named, towit….The other condemned prisoners you will hold subject to further orders, taking care that they neither escape, nor are subjected to any unlawful violence. ”

Lincoln aide John Hay writes in an anonymous press dispatch that General Irvin “McDowell has utterly neglected the arts of popularity.  His manner is cold and haughty. His address to his inferiors is brusque and imperious, to his equals distant and reserve.  He has no enthusiasms, no political aims or ambitions.  He was a martinet in the peace establishment; he is a most rigid disciplinarian in war.  He is the most accomplished man in the army in general erudition, save, perhaps, Gen. Hitchcock, yet a man of little versatility or sprightliness of mind.  His culture has been most catholic and liberal, embracing the finest educational resources of Europe and America; yet he is a cold as an Englishman, as exclusive as a Hidalgo.  He is certainly not the ideal of a Republican soldier, but he is an honest, honorable and energetic officer, a pure and disinterested patriot, and the worst abused man in America.”

Published in: on December 6, 2012 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

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