Busy Saturday on Military Matters

April 23, 1864

President Lincoln orders the reinstatement of Congressman Frank P. Blair, Jr. as a Union Army general. Lincoln writes Secretary of War Edwin Stanton: “According to our understanding with Major General Frank P. Blair, at the time he took his seat in Congress last winter, he now asks to withdraw his resignation as major general, then tendered, and be sent to the field. Let this be done. Let the order sending him be such as shown me to-day by the Adjutant General, only dropping from it the names of Maguire and Tompkins.” Blair had written Stanton: “I respectfully request to withdraw my resignation as major general of the United States volunteers, tendered on the 12th day of January, 1864.”

Earlier in the day, Blair had strongly attacked Chase and his conduct of Treasury Department affairs – partly in response to attacks that Chase’s congressional allies had made on Blair: ““These dogs have been set on me by their master, and since I have whipped them back into their kennels I mean to hold their master for this outrage and not the curs who have been set upon me.” Blair’s enemies had descended on the White House after his speech but President Lincoln refused to abandon the embattled Blair family.

President Lincoln writes to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton: “The foregoing proposition of the Governors is accepted, and the Secretary of War is directed to carry it into execution.” The previous day, Stanton had sent a memo in long with a letter from the governors and a telegram from General Grant, as follows:

‘An estimate has been made of the probable expense of the force mentioned in the foregoing proposition and it is believed that its cost to the United States will amount to $25,000,000. The views of General Grant are indicated in the telegram a copy of which is annexed and which is a response to my enquiry as to whether he would desire the acceptance of 100 000 men as at first proposed by the Governors. In view of the importance of the ensuing campaign and the judgement of General Grant that the troops offered may be of ‘vast importance’ I am in favor accepting the offer. The present estimates are inadequate to meet the expense and additional appropriation will be required.’

‘To the President                                                                                          Washington City,

of the United States:                                                                                     April 21st 1864.

I. The Governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin offer to the President infantry troops for the approaching campaign, as follows:

Ohio                            `           30,000

Indiana                                    20,000

Illinois                                     20,000

Iowa                                           10,000

Wisconsin                                  5,000

II. The term of service to be one hundred days, reckoning from the date of muster into the service of the United States, unless sooner discharged.

III. The troops to be mustered in to the service of the United States by regiments, when the regiments are filled up, according to the regulations, to the minimum strength–the regiments to be organized according to the regulations of the War Department. The whole number to be furnished within twenty days from date of notice of the acceptance of this proposition.

Iv. The troops to be clothed, armed, equipped, subsisted, transported, and paid as other United States infantry volunteers, and to serve in fortifications, or wherever their services may be required, within or without their respective States.

V. No bounty to be paid the troops, nor the service charged or credited or credited on any draft.

VI. The draft for three years’ service to go on in any State or district where the quota is not filled up; but if any officer or soldier in this special service should be drafted, he shall be credited for the service rendered.

President Lincoln had been postponing a trip to visit General Benjamin F. Butler:   Butler writes Assistant Secretary of the Navy Gustavus V. Fox: “I think you can do more good to the service by coming here for twenty-four hours than anywhere else. Please breakfast with me to-morrow morning at 9 a.m. Perhaps you can bring the President with you.” President Lincoln writes Fox: “I do not think I can go. Shall be glad if Captain Fox does.”   Assistant Secretary John Hay accompanies Fox to the meeting in Virginia.

Published in: on April 23, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

“In God We Trust” Becomes Coin Standard

April 22, 1864

Navy Secretary Gideon Welles writes in his diary: “Neither Seward nor Chase nor Stanton was at the Cabinet-meeting to-day. For some time Chase has been disinclined to be present and evidently for a purpose. When sometimes with him, he takes occasion to allude to the Administration as departmental,– as not having council, not acting in concert. There is much truth in it, and his example and conduct contribute to it. Seward is more responsible than any one, however, although he is generally present. Stanton does not care usually to come, for the President is much of his time at the War Department, and what is said or done is communicated by the President, who is fond of telling as well as of hearing what is new. Three or four times daily the President goes to the War Department and into the telegraph office to look over communications.”

Presidential aide John G. Nicolay writes an Illinois friend regarding the Republican presidential race: There si butt little stir in politics here just now. A few discontented Radicals in New York are agitating in Fremont’s behalf, but they are a skelton organization and haveno public sentiment at their back. In this city, a few original Chase men,chagrined that hteir favorite gave out so early in the Presidential race, still live in hope that that something may turn up to their advantage in the Baltimore Convention, and to this end also echo and magnify the mutterings of the Fremonters. The Fremont movement has no substantial foundation outside of the State of Missouri, except so far as Republicans at other points sympathize with the supposed wrongs of the Missouri Radicals – wrongs which are entirely suppositious, and exist only in the scheming brains of factious and selfish and faithless Missouri politicians of the Gratz brown school, who avow ‘rule or ruin’ as their principle of action.” He added: “but their whole scheme will come to nothing. Mr. Lincoln will be renominated, and re-elected unless there should be an unexpected and surprising revolution before November next.”

President Lincoln signs legislation authorizing inscription “In God We Trust” to be used on coins.

Kentucky editor Albert Hodges responds to Lincoln’s state paper of April 4: “Yours of the 4th instant was received by due course of mail, and will be given to the people of Kentucky at the proper time. I have shown it to some of the prominent Union men here and from other parts of the State who visit here on business or pleasure, and I have met but one as yet who dissents from your reasoning upon the subject of slavery.

It is with feelings of profound satisfaction I inform you, that every day since my arrival at home, I have been receiving information of your steady gain upon the gratitude and confidence of the People of Kentucky. Extraordinary efforts, however, will be made by Mr. [James] Guthrie and the Louisville Journal to carry off a majority of the Union men to the support of the nominee of the Chicago Convention. My deliberate belief is, that with your name before the people of our State, — to use a homely phrase, — we shall ” flax them out handsomely.”

We have the advantage of them, greatly, in one respect, and that is, the working and laboring men are with us, from every part of the State from which I have been able, thus far, to obtain information. The county meetings which are now being held to appoint Delegates to the Louisville Convention, of unconditional Union men, with but few exceptions, are for sending Delegates to Baltimore. I believe that that Convention, will, with great unanimity, not only send Delegates to Baltimore but send them instructed to vote for you for re-election to the Presidency.

I have just received a letter from an old friend in Lewis County, with a goodly list of subscribers, sending me the proceedings of his County meeting to appoint Delegates to the Union Convention at Louisville, in which he used the following language — “Our meeting was large — every District being represented, and unanimous for Abraham. I tell you that the mountains are all right.”

I have received one also from the County of Whitley today of similar import. One yesterday from Pulaski (one of the largest counties in our State) which states that nearly every Union man in that County is for you. I might go and multiply others received heretofore, but it is unnecessary. I only mention these because they were received yesterday and to-day.

If you have the time, occasionally, to glance over the columns of the Commonwealth, you will see from the published proceedings of the meetings in the various counties, how nobly our people are coming up to your support.

I shall leave home in a day or two, and be absent about two weeks, has induced me to write you a few lines to let you know how we are progressing in Kentucky.

I think I may safely say now, that all will be safe in this State.

Published in: on April 22, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

President Lincoln Works Through Court Martial Cases

April 21, 1864

President Lincoln reviews more than 70 court martial cases. He writes General George Meade about one man: “This case is submitted to Gen. Meade to be disposed of by him, under the recent order upon the subject.” He adds: “If Gen. Warren has recommended the discharge of this man, let him be discharged.”

President Lincoln, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton and General Henry W. Halleck meet with Ohio Governor John Brough, Indiana Governor Oliver P. Morton, Illinois Governor Richard Yates, and Iowa Governor William Milo Stone about new enlistments.

Published in: on April 21, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

President Lincoln Meets with General Ulysses S. Grant

April 20, 1864

After posing for some photographs earlier, in the afternoon, President Lincoln meets with General Ulysses S. Grant. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton transmits orders from the President: “That in all cases of sentences of death, by court-martial, for the crime of desertion, in the Army of the Potomac, Major General George G. Meade, commanding, is authorized and empowered to commute the sentence of death to imprisonment (with forfeiture of all pay due) in the Dry Tortugas Fort during the present war, or to make such other commutation of sentence, in lieu of the sentence of death, as in each case justice and the benefit of the service may, in his judgment, require.”

President Lincoln also meets with Pennsylvania Congressman Joseph Bailey and former Ohio Lieutenant Governor Thomas H. Ford

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President Lincoln Returns to Washington

April 19, 1864

After delivering short speech to Sanitary Commission Fair on Monday, President Lincoln comes back to Washington by train in the morning – missing the regular Tuesday morning cabinet meeting. Navy Secretary Gideon Welles complains in his diary: “He has a fondness for attending these shows only surpassed by [Secretary of State William H.] Seward. Neither Seward, nor Blair, not Chase was present with us to-day. Blair was with the President at Baltimore. Being a Marylander, there was propriety in his attendance.”   With Congress about to adjourn, President Lincoln attends the final levee of the congressional season which is well attended.

President aide John G. Nicolay writes Union General Benjamin F. Butler regarding President Lincoln’s Confederate sister-in-law, Martha Todd White, who had recently returned to her home in Alabama: “I find the following statement floating about the newspapers.

‘Mrs. J. Todd White, a sister to Mrs. President Lincoln, was a rebel spy and sympathizer. When she was passed into the confederacy a few days ago, by way of Fortress Monroe, she carried with her in trunks all kinds of contraband goods, together with medicines, papers, letters, etc. which will be doubtless of the greatest assistance to those with whom she consorts.

[‘]When Gen. Butler wished to open her trunks, as the regulations of transit there prescribe, this woman showed him an autograph pass or order from President Lincoln, enjoining upon the Federal officers not to open any of her trunks and not subject the bear of the pass, her packages, parcels, or trunks, to any inspection or annoyance.

[‘]Mrs. White said to General Butler, or the officers in charge there, in substance, as follows: ‘My trunks are filled iwth contraband, but I defy you to touch them. Here (passing it under their noses)

[‘]Mrs. White said to General Butler, or the officers in charge there, in substance, as follows: ‘My trnks are filled with contraband, but I defy you to touch them. Here (passing it under their noses) here is the positive order of your master!’

[‘]Mrs. White was thus allowed to pass without the inspection and annoyance so premeptorily forbidden by President Lincoln, in an order written and signed by his own hand, and to-day the contents of his wife’s sister’s trunks are giving aid and comfort to the enemy – nor least is the shock which these facts will give to the loyal hearts whose hopes and prayers and labors sustain the cause which is thus betrayed in the very White House [.]

Now the President is not conscious of having given this lady a pass which permitted her to take any ting more than the ordinary baggage allowed, nor which exempted her from the existing rates of inspection. He certainly gave her no such extraordinary privileges as are above describe and implied.

“Will you please inform me whether Mrs White presented to you what purported to be anything more than the usual pass on which persons have been sent through our lines, or which purported to entitle her to carry more than ordinary baggage?

2d Did she take with her more than ordinary baggage?

3d Was or was not her baggage inspected?

4th Did she use the language alleged in the above statement?

P.S. Are such passes usually taken up by our Officers? If so, please send me this pass, or a copy of it.

President Lincoln is sent a communication from West Tennessee leaders: “The undersigned, citizens of West Tennessee, unconditional Supporters of the Federal government and of your Administration, hereby accredit to you, Col. P. E. Bland and J M Tomeny Esq. Of Memphis, for the purpose of conferring with you, and others in Authority, in relation to the interests of the Government and the loyal people of West Tennessee in their mutual relations to each other.

Having implicit confidence in the integrity, loyalty and intelligence of these gentlemen, we have prevailed on them to proceed to Washington, and represent to you and others in Authority the Situation, Sentiments and necessities of the people of the Western Division of our State, and to request of you the adoption and enforcement of such measures of policy as may, in your judgement, be conducive to the welfare and happiness of the people whom they represent, and calculated to effect the early restoration of Tennessee to her proper position in the Federal Union, upon a Sound and loyal basis.

President Lincoln hosts the finalTuesday reception of the winter season. Navy Secretary Gideon Welles writes in his diary the next day: “The last public evening reception of the season took place last evening at the Executive Mansion. It was a jam, not creditable in its arrangements to the authorities. The multitude were not misbehaved, farther than crowding together in disorder and confusion may be so regarded. Had there been a small guard, or even a few police officers, present, there might have been regulations which would have been readily acquiesced in and observed. There has always been a want of order and proper management at these levees or receptions, which I hope may soon be corrected.”

Published in: on April 19, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

President Lincoln Addresses Sanitary Fair in Baltimore

April 18, 1864

President Lincoln takes train to Baltimore. In a 15-minute speech, he tells attendees at the Sanitary Commission Fair: “Ladies and Gentlemen–Calling to mind that we are in Baltimore, we can not fail to note that the world moves. Looking upon these many people, assembled here, to serve, as they best may, the soldiers of the Union, it occurs at once that three years ago, the same soldiers could not so much as pass through Baltimore. The change from then till now, is both great, and gratifying. Blessings on the brave men who have wrought the change, and the fair women who strive to reward them for it.

But Baltimore suggests more than could happen within Baltimore. The change within Baltimore is part only of a far wider change. When the war began, three years ago, neither party, no any man, expected it would last till now. Each looked ofr the end, in some way, long ere to-day. Neither did any anticipate that domestic slavery would be much affected by the war. But here we are; the war has not ended, and slavery has been much affected–how much needs not now to be recounted. So true is it that man proposes, and God disposes.

But we can the past, though we may not claim to have directed it; and seeing it, in this case, we feel more hopeful and confident for the future.

The world has never had a good definition of the word liberty, and the American people, just now, are much in want of one. We all declare for liberty; but in using the same word we do not all mean the same thing. With some the word liberty may mean for each man to do as he pleases with himself, and the product of his labor; while with others the same word may mean for some men to do as they please with other men, and the product of other men’s labor. Here are two, not only different, but incompatable things, called by the same name–liberty. And it follows that each of the things is, by the respective parties, called by two difference and incompatable names–liberty and tyranny.

The shepherd drives the wolf from the sheep’s throat, for which the sheep thanks the shepherd as a liberator, while the wolf denounces him for the same act as the destroyer of liberty, especially as the sheep was a black one. Plainly the sheep and the wolf are not agreed upon a definition of the word liberty; and precisely the same difference prevails to-day among us human creatures, even in the North, and all professing to love liberty. Hence we behold the processes by which thousands are daily passing from under the yoke of bondage, hailed by some as the advance of liberty, and bewailed by others as the destruction of all liberty. Recently, as it seems, the people of Maryland have been doing something to define liberty; and thanks to them that, in what they have done, the wolf’s dictionary, has been repudiated.

It is not very becoming for one in my position to make speeches at great length; but there is another subject upon which I feel that I ought to say a word. A painful rumor, true I fear, has reached us of the massacre, by the rebel forces, at Fort Pillow, in the West end of Tennessee, on the Mississippi river, of some three hundred colored soldiers and white officers, who had just been overpowered by their assailants. There seems to be some anxiety in the public mind whether the government is doing it’s duty to the colored soldier, and to the service, at this point. At the beginning of the war, and for some time, the use of colored troops was not contemplated; and how the change of purpose was wrought, I will not now take time to explain. Upon a clear conviction of duty I resolved to turn that element of strength to account; and I am responsible for it to the American people, to the christian world, to history, and on my final account to God. Having determined to use the negro as a soldier, there is no way but to give him all the protection given to any other soldier. The difficulty is not in stating the principle, but in practically applying it. It is a mistake to suppose the government is indiffe[r]ent to this matter, or is not doing the best it can in regard to it. We do not to-day know that a colored soldier, or white officer commanding colored soldiers, has been massacred by the rebels when made a prisoner. We fear it, believe it, I may say, but we do not know it. To take the life of one of their prisoners, on the assumption that they murder ours, when it is short of certainty that they do murder ours, might be too serious, too cruel a mistake. We are having the Fort-Pillow affair thoroughly investigated; and such investigationwill probably show conclusively how the truth is. If, after all that has been said, it shall turn out that there has been no massacre at Fort-Pillow, it will be almost safe to say there has been none, and will be none elsewhere. If there has been the massacre of three hundred there, or even the tenth part of three hundred, it will be conclusively proved; and being so proved, the retribution, shall as surely come. It will be matter of grave consideration in what exact course to apply the retribution; but in the suppose case, it must come.

Presidential aide William O. Stoddard writes in a newspaper dispatch: “More rains and another installment of mud may have interfered with Grant’s plans somewhat; but then again they may not, for it is more than likely that he was not ready to strike in any direction yet. The sky still looks threatening, and we are hoping and praying for fair weather.”

Published in: on April 18, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

Quiet Day at the White House at President Lincoln Recovers from Illness

April 17, 1864

From Washington Territory a letter is sent to President Lincoln: “The charges against Superintendent [of Indian Affairs] Calvin H.] Hale are all false Do not remove him If necessary let him come & defend Send answer.”   President Lincoln is preparing for a short address in Baltimore the next day.

Published in: on April 17, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

An Indisposed President Attends to Business

April 16, 1864

Although sick, President Lincoln issues several orders: To Adjutant General James Fry, he writes: “The within paper was written at my suggestion by gentlemen representing Philadelphia, to present their views of the subject embraced and to be signed by me if I could approve it. I am not prepared to assent to all that it asks at present, but I do order that the Philadelphia quotas be adjusted for the calls of 1863 and 1864 already made, upon the basis that that City was under no deficit on November 3d. 1862, and allowing full credits for all since that date; and further that all other questions presented on said paper are left open for future adjustment.”

In agreement with an Indian agent report, President Lincoln writes Secretary of the Interior John Palmer Usher to withhold certain public lands from sale and added to the Little Traverse Indian Reservation. Lincoln writes General Henry W. Halleck that Fort Smith and the Indian Territory should be transferred to the military Department of Arkansas.

Published in: on April 16, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

Financial Speculation Undermines Government

April 15, 1864

Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase writes President Lincoln from New York about the problems of gold speculation: “Two topics seem to occupy exclusively the attention of New York — Speculation and the Metropolitan Fair. Today the tidings from Paducah create a momentary diversion — something this way “A horrible affair that at Paducah”. “Yes, really ’twas terrible”. Then a little pause — then, “how’s gold now?”

The sales which have been made here yesterday & today seem to have reduced the price; but the reduction is only temporary, unless most decisive measures for reducing the amount of circulation & arresting the rapid increase of debt be adopted. These measures can only be put in operation by Congress, and Congress will be slow to act with the promptude absolutely indispensable unless you manifest a deep sense of their importance and make members feel that you regard their cooperation as essential to the success of your administration.

Thus far every financial measure has been crowned with success; but I have always warned gentlemen in Congress and in the Administration that debt could not be increased indefinitely by selling bonds & issuing notes; and the time has come when taxation and retrenchment must play their parts. They ought to have been called into activity a year ago; but is not yet too late. Without them it is my duty to say emphatically there is no hope of continued financial success.

Next to taxation and retrenchment a uniform national currency is most important. This can be accomplished only through the passage of the National Banking Law now before Congress; or by some bill embracing its leading amendments of the act of last year. In my judgment the Banks organized under this law should pay their full share of taxation; but they should be taxed under National & not under State laws. The National Government will need to pay interest on debt, current expences, &, as long as the war lasts, its extraordinary expences, vast sums from taxes. Duties on imports are the only exclusive resource of the Nation as distinguished from the States. Why should not the National Banks & their property and franchises be added? I see no good reason: while uniform taxation by Congress would put all the Banks throughout the Country upon a equal footing and secure the unity & completeness of the system. Some of the New York Members have urged their objection to state taxes, & some concessions have, I think unwisely, been made to their wishes. It would be much better could they be prevailed on to yield their wishes to the public good.

The National Banking bill should be followed by the bill to tax local bank circulation & prohibit after some fixed period its further issue.4

These two bills will give us what we must have, if success is wanted, a national currency.

If you concur with me in these judgments, may I not hope that you will send for such members as are disposed, from any cause, to be lukewarm or opposed & urge them to give the needful support to the bills– Mr. Hooper5 in the House and Mr Sherman6 in the Senate will gladly furnish you all necessary information as to the views of Senators & Representatives.

Since I have been writing a gentleman has come in who tells me that gold after declining to 171 & 170 was carried up again on the news of the disaster at Paducah, exaggerated as much as possible, interested & unfriendly persons, to 174.

President Lincoln receives an invitation to speak at the upcoming Sanitary Fair in Pittsburgh. House Speaker Schuyler Colfax writes President Lincoln about his upcoming trip to Baltimore to speak at the Sanitary Fair there: “I gladdened the hearts of the officers of the Maryland State Fair by informing them of your promise to me to attend next Monday evening at its opening, & they enclosed are letters they directed me to lay before you. But for other previous engagements I would have come up in person this morning to deliver them.”

Mr. [William J.] Albert expects you & Mrs Lincoln to stay with him. I understand he has very ample accommodations.

The trains go up at 3 P. m, 4.30 P. m & 5.20. I suppose they would prefer your coming at 3. I shall go over with my family, & stop at a friend’s, Mr. Shoemakers.

Mr. Albert says he received no reply to his invitation. I suppose because you had not decided it till recently. Please apprise them of the time when you will come that they may make the necessary arrangements

New Arkansas Governor Isaac Murphy writes President Lincoln: “Both houses of the Legislature have organized today a quorum being present The vote for Constitution twelve thousand one-hundred and seventy nine against it Two hundred & twenty six (226) For Govr Twelve thousand four hundred & thirty1 we ask your sympathy & aid The Country north & south of the Arkansas River is full of Guerillas One (1) member killed coming here If reinforcements are not sent soon or Gen [Frederick] Steele ordered to return we are in great danger.”

Published in: on April 15, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  

President Lincoln Works Through 67 Courtmartial Cases

April 14, 1864

President Lincoln spent much of the day working through courtmartial cases with Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt. On one case he wrote: “Pardon—proof being insufficient, except for short absence without leave.” On another he wrote: “This man is pardoned, and hereby ordered to be discharged from the service.”

Union League activist Henry C. Lea meets with President Lincoln. Four days later, he writes Lincoln: “Enclosed you will find two little pamphlets which I wrote a few weeks since for the “Union League” of Phila– At our interview on Friday evening, I was much gratified to find from your remarks that in one of them — “The Will of the People” — I had to some extent correctly appreciated the motives which have guided your policy.– It appeared to me to present a line of arguement likely to be effective before the people, & I confess to surprise that it should not have been long since brought more prominently into notice to repel the attacks of radicals & Copperheads.–

To prevent misconstruction, perhaps I should add that I am a man of independent position, with nothing to ask at your hands, except the preservation of our institutions.–

My colleague, Mr Miller, desires to join with me in thanking you for the courtesy & despatch which enabled us to accomplish our mission so promptly.–

Ohio lawyer Hezekiah S. Bundy, a prominent Republican, writes President Lincoln regarding the upcoming Republican political convention: “Permit one of your friends and the elector for the 11th Ohio District in 1860 to address you a word without perhaps imparting any information or suggestion worthy attention on your part. You no doubt are aware that great effort is being made to postpone the meeting of the National C. ostensibly to observe the working of the army to put down the rebellion but really to consumate plans to defeat you in the nomination The union men with us are Almost a unit for you, and the army is with us so far as I am advised and my knowledge is somewhat extensive in that direction Having a number of personal friends & relations in the service in different departments whose opportunities are good for knowing the sentiment of the army I think I speak advisedly in relation to it I think there is more danger from a diversion in favor of Freemont if McClellan is your opponent (and of which there can be no doubt) than from any other source. In view of this matter can you not with safety to the interests of the service give Freemont an important command somewhere? It will not do to give McClellan a command any where because the Vallandigham3 peace men will take him as their man in the end and the war democrats of the peace party prefer him to any one else on the score of policy I think we will be able to give you the entire delegation from this state at Baltimore– I propose making Ex Gov Dennison one of the delegates at and I know he is for you–

I hope that we may have several important victories in the field before the Balto Convention if so there will be no question as to the result of the deliberations of that body. I think there cannot be much doubt at any rate

Captain Charles Garretson to Abraham Lincoln to protest his dismissal from the army: “On the 5th of March last I was dismissed the service of the Government on the charge of disloyalty, which I beg leave to assure your Exellency is totally false and groundless, as I am prepared to prove, and herewith have the honor to submit as series of letters from distinguished officers and gentlemen with whom I have associated during the past three years, expressing the estimation in which I have been held, and testifying to the manner in which I have performed my duty during that time.”

I entered the service as a Volunteer in April, 1861, passed from the position of Private to that of Qr. Masters Sergeant, Lieutenant, and Acting Regtl. Qr. Master, of the 16th Penn’a. Vols., returned with my Regiment at the expiration of the three Months Service, immediately aided in the organization of the 76th Penn’a Vols., accompanied it as Regimental Qr. Master, via Fortress Monroe, to Hilton Head, S. C., as a part of Genl. Sherman’s forces, was shortly after our arrival there appointed Post Qr. Master, and in June, 1862, at the request of Col. Shaffer, Chief Qr. Master, Dept. of the South, was promoted Captain and Asst. Qr. Master of Vols., was placed in charge of the Depot, and continued in that position until June, 1863, when, my health having failed, I was ordered north on sick leave, upon the expiration of which I was assigned to duty in the Depot of Washington, first in the land transportation office, and afterwards in that of the Rail Road transportation, 209 G Street, which office I had charge of when dismissed.

I have always been a firm and faithful supporter of my Government, both by actions and words, and have done every thing in my power to aid the Administration and the Service in every measure presented, to crush this cursed rebellion, and challenge a single word, action, or deed of mine to the contrary, while by a faithful, earnest, and continued performance of my duties as a Soldier I have tried to give the best possible evidence of the truthfulness of this Statement, and feeling the consciousness of my own innocence, and that a great injustice has been done me, I am satisfied that my case needs but an examination at your hands to secure the revocation of the order, or at least a hearing before some military court of inquiry.

Published in: on April 14, 2014 at 9:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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